1. International Business Development
1.1 Export - How To
Published by the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA), the "Breaking into the Trade Game, A Small Business Guide for Exporting" provides valuable information for exporting your products and services. Plus, do the "Are you export ready?" assesment.
1.2 Import - How To
Published by U.S. Customs, "Importing into the United States - A Guide for Commercial Importers"* provides wide-ranging information about the importing process and import requirements. Importers may also wish to obtain guidance from private-sector experts who specialize in importing, for example, licensed customs brokers, attorneys or consultants. Federal agencies whose laws CBP helps to enforce are listed throughout this Guide, as well as in the Appendix and on the U.S. Customs Website. We urge interested parties to contact their nearest CBP office for information on specific issues or questions. CBP ports of entry, with their addresses and phone numbers, can be found on the U.S. Customs Website under “Ports” at www.cbp.gov.
*Every effort to include essential requirements has been made, but it is not possible for a book this size to cover all import laws and regulations. Also, this publication does not supersede or modify any provision of those laws and regulations. Legislative and administrative changes are always under consideration and can occur at any time. Quota limitations on commodities are also subject to change. Therefore, reliance solely on the information in this book may not meet the “reasonable care” standard required of importers.
Q. How do I locate the import tariff applied to a particular product?
Tariffs or duties are a tax levied by governments on the value of products imported from one country into another. Before you export to any country, you need to determine what the tariff rate is on your product(s) as well as any import fees for that country. The U.S. government provides a database that U.S. exporters may use to identify import tariffs applied by nearly 50 countries. China's tariff rates may also be found on the Department of Commerce's Market Access and Compliance Tariff Schedule.
Q. How can I locate importers, distributors, sales reps, etc. in an overseas market?
MCC provide Premium Services to assist companies to locate global partners, our Specialists will contact potential overseas business partners using their contacts and database, and then identify the companies that are interested and capable of becoming a potential partner for you in that market. Request this service by contacting the MCC Global Network.
In addition, the U.S. Commercial Service has programs and services to help you locate potential business partners overseas. Contact your nearest U.S. Export Assistance Center and speak with an International Trade Specialist or call 1-800-USA-TRAD(E).
Q. How can I learn about export licensing?
An export license grants permission to conduct a certain type of export transaction. It is issued by the appropriate licensing agency after a careful review of the facts surrounding the given export transaction. Most export transactions do not require specific approval in the form of licenses from the U.S. Government. In fact, a relatively small percentage of all U.S. export transactions require licenses from the U.S. government. It is up to the exporter to determine whether the product requires a license and to research the end use of the product, in other words, to perform “due diligence” regarding the transaction. Exporters should learn which federal department or agency has jurisdiction over the item they are planning to export in order to find out if a license is required.
Dual Use Licenses are required in certain situations involving national security, foreign policy, short-supply, nuclear non-proliferation, missile technology, chemical and biological weapons, regional stability, crime control, or terrorist concerns. Other federal agencies also have other licensing responsibilities for specialized articles or embargoes on certain countries.
For additional guidance on export licensing or about exporting in general, please call the Trade Information Center (TIC) at (800) USA-TRAD(e) or contact your local export assistance center.
Q. Where can I find trade statistics?
The U.S. Commerce Department provides a trade statistics database that may be searched by industry sector or country of destination. The United Nations Commodity Trade Statistics Database and the USITC Interactive Tariff and Trade Database are also very useful tools in searching for trade statistics.
Q. How do I find out if a company is legitimate?
If the company is located in the United States, contact the office of the Secretary of State (within the state-level government) in whichever state the company is headquartered. The Office of Authentication updates the list of Secretaries by State of the United States. If the company is located outside the United States, contact the U.S. and Foreign Commercial Service, part of the Department of Commerce, to get information on their International Company Profile service.
Q. How can I help my customer/client who is having problems getting a visa to the U.S.?
Comprehensive information on visa process and policy is available on the web at www.state.gov, www.travel.state.gov, or www.unitedstatesvisas.gov. You should also check the website of the consulate in which the applicant is applying -- there is a link to U.S. Embassies and Consulates from each of the above sites. The best advice is for people to apply early.
Q. Where can I find comprehensive profiles on various countries?
Country Commercial Guides(CCGs) are prepared annually to provide a comprehensive look at commercial environments, using economic, political, and market analysis.
Q. Where can I find other information and help with exporting?
The Department of Commerce, Trade Information Center (TIC) provides resources for export/import.
2. Information for Non-US Companies
2.1 Doing Business in NYC
This International Business Resource Guide is designed to help introduce you to some basic resources and contacts necessary for launching your business in New York City. With many service providers in New York City, 2500 international businesses, and numerous programs for business assistance from federal, state and local government and quasi-government organizations, New York City offers abundant resources for any type of business from overseas. We look forward to seeing your business grow and prosper in New York City – Where the World Does Business®!
® New York City - Where the World Does Business is the registered trademark of NYCEDC and is used with permission.
2.2 Information for Trade Delegations to NY
For foreign buyers, DOC offers a Reverse Gold Key Service to companies provide you with a list of contacts, set up four to five business meetings for you, and accompany you to visit the U.S. firms. The personal introduction strengthens the impact of your visit, simplifies finding your way around and facilitates communication. Knowing in advance the general trends in the market and the specific background of your contacts enables you to evaluate each one more effectively.
3. Information for New York Companies
3.1. Trade Development
Click here to download a list of resources that can help you identify overseas contacts.
3.2 Export Programs
Click here to download a list of government resources for International Export Programs.
4. International Business Resources
Click here to download a list of resources listing government contacts, trade associations and many more.
5. Global Trade Glossary
Know your terms and key words for international trade:
Created by the International Business Center at Michigan State University, globalEDGE™ is a knowledge web-portal that connects international business professionals worldwide to a wealth of information, insights, and learning resources on global business activities.
Language of Trade
Trade policies and agreements are constantly under negotiation and frequently the subject of debate in the US Congress. Business Roundtable has developed The Language of Trade to help improve understanding of what can often be a complex topic.